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Navigating Legal and Regulatory Aspects of Real Estate Investment in Spain

Investing in Spanish real estate can be a great way to build wealth, but it’s important to understand the legalities involved. Here are some of the most important things to keep in mind for foreign investors, such as HNWIs, family offices, REITs, and investment funds:

Who can invest in real estate in Spain?

Any natural or legal person with the capacity to act can acquire or manage real estate in Spain. There is no need for any administrative authorization, which makes Spain a very attractive destination for foreign investors.

When should the investment be made?

The best time to invest in real estate in Spain depends on a number of factors, including the current market conditions, your investment goals, and your personal circumstances. However, in general, Spain is a good place to invest in real estate over the long term. The country has a stable economy, a growing population, and a limited supply of land.

Can the transaction be processed remotely?

Yes, it is possible to purchase real estate in Spain remotely. However, you will need to have a representative in Spain who can act on your behalf. This could be a lawyer, an accountant, or a real estate agent.

Purchase power and legal protection

Before you purchase any property in Spain, it is important to consult with a specialized legal advisor to ensure that you have the legal right to purchase the property and that your interests are protected. Your lawyer will be able to review the contract of sale and provide you with advice on any legal risks involved.

Contractual issues

The contract of sale is a very important legal document, so it is important to have it carefully reviewed by a lawyer before you sign it. The contract should clearly state the terms of the sale, including the purchase price, the payment schedule, and the delivery date. It should also include clauses that protect your interests, such as a penalty clause in case the seller fails to deliver the property on time.

Tax regime

There are a number of taxes that apply to the purchase, ownership, and rental of real estate in Spain. It is important to understand the tax implications of your investment before you make a decision. You should consult with a tax advisor to get personalised advice on your situation.

Exploitation regime

If you are planning to rent out your property in Spain, you will need to comply with the regulations applicable to the exploitation regime. This includes obtaining the necessary licences and permits. You should consult with a lawyer to get advice on the specific requirements for your property.

How is a sale and purchase in Spain managed?

The process of buying and selling real estate in Spain is relatively straightforward. However, it is important to be aware of the different steps involved and to have all of the necessary documentation in order.

Here is a brief overview of the process:
  1. Find a property: You can find properties for sale in Spain through a variety of channels, such as real estate websites, real estate agents, and private sellers.
  2. Make an offer: Once you have found a property that you are interested in, you can make an offer to the seller. The offer should be in writing and should state the purchase price and the terms of the sale.
  3. Sign a contract of sale: Once the seller has accepted your offer, you will need to sign a contract of sale. This contract should be reviewed by a lawyer before you sign it.
  4. Pay the purchase price: Once the contract of sale is signed, you will need to pay the purchase price to the seller. This can be done in a number of ways, such as by bank transfer, check, or cash.
  5. Register the property in the Land Registry: Once the purchase price has been paid, you will need to register the property in the Land Registry. This is the final step in the process of transferring ownership of the property to you.
How much money should I have available before starting my real estate investment?

The amount of money you will need for a real estate investment in Spain will depend on a number of factors, including the type of property you are buying, the location, and the condition of the property. You will also need to factor in the costs of acquisition taxes, legal fees, and other expenses.

It is important to do your research and create a budget before you start shopping for properties. This will help you to stay on track and avoid overspending.


Real estate investments in Spain can be a great way to build wealth, but it is important to understand the legal aspects involved. It is highly recommended to consult with a lawyer specialising in real estate investment in Spain before starting.

Take the first step to success in real estate investments in Spain. Contact us today, Nido Invest can help you navigate all aspects of legal and regulatory aspects while acquiring you the best investments and returns.

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